News & Events
Wednesday Jul 17th, 2019—4:00pm to 5:00pm
Human research: What can we believe? How do we protect subjects? Reflections of a journal editor and former research subject participant.
David Sklar, MD
Dr. David Sklar is editor of Academic Medicine and an emergency physician. He does research in health services and health professions education. He's former chair of emergency medicine and associate dean of graduate medical education at the University of New Mexico. He's a professor at Arizona State University in the School for the Science of Health Care Delivery and senior advisor to the university provost in health policy and health professions education and author of the book Atlas of Men.
Dr. Sklar asks that you please read Atlas of Men prior to session, if possible, as he will refer to it in his presentation. He will be discussing the following:
- Ethics and research
- History of human subjects protection
- The use of expert review of research including decisions about publications and what we can do to publish more replicable and useful research
Wednesday Aug 21st, 2019—4:00pm to 5:00pm
Sex and gender: Binaries or bimodal?
Melissa Wilson, PhD
Understanding sex as a biological variable (SABV) is now considered one of the top priorities of the National Institutes of Health, spanning all institutes. This is because for most of clinical genetics, only one sex was studied, and now drugs, treatments, and therapies are failing at higher proportions in the unstudied (or understudied) sex, typically women. Layering on top of this, is the recognition that sex chromosomes, reproductive hormones, and gender identity all play unique rolls in both how disease manifests, and how patients are treated. Dr. Wilson leads the discussion on sex and gender in human health.
Melissa Wilson, PhD is a computational evolutionary biologist whose main research interests include sex-biased biology. She studies the evolution of sex chromosomes (X and Y in mammals), why mutation rates differ between males and females, and how changes in population history affect the sex chromosomes differently than the non-sex chromosomes. Generally she studies mammals and regularly engages the public in discussions about the difference between sex and gender, the importance (or not) of genetic inheritance, and understanding evolution.
Dr. Wilson is one of the authors of the recently published article: "The Pregnancy Pickle: Evolved Immune Compensation Due to Pregnancy Underlies Sex Differences in Human Diseases"
News and Events
Newly Reported 1942 Nutrition Trial
Food historian, Ian Mosby, reports that he has uncovered a nutrition study on Canadian aboriginal children beginning in 1942. Read more
Should Family Members Watch as Their Dying Loved Ones Get CPR?
The benefits and disadvantages of family presence during cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) have been argued since it was proposed in 1987. The possibilities of stress for health care providers and increased emotional burden for family members as well as risk of legal claims have been the central argument points.A study published in the New England Journal of Medicine in March 2013 found out that family members who watch health care providers perform (CPR) on their loved ones were less likely to experience post-traumatic stress disorder. They also experienced less anxiety and depression symptoms. The quality of CPR, the level of CPR performers’ emotional stress, patient survival rate and medico-legal claims were found to be not affected by the presence of family members.This 570-participant study done in France concluded that being present during CPR might help families understand that emergency technicians have done everything possible to save the patient’s life. It might offer family opportunities to say goodbye to their loved ones and help them with the bereavement process. The study was done in the home setting for patients with cardiac arrest. Trials in hospitals, such as emergency rooms and intensive care units, are needed to confirm the results, according to the researchers of the study.
Goldwater Institute to Sue over Medicaid Expansion in Arizona
The Goldwater Institute plans to sue over the Medicaid expansion recently approved in Arizona. The story was reported September 12, 2013 in the Arizona Republic.
Five Insurers in Arizona Describe Rates for Health Coverage under ACA
Five health insurers in Arizona outlined their rates for health coverage under the Affordable Care Act. Reported September 12, 2013 in the Arizona Republic.
Family Fights to Block Deportation of Comatose Exchange Student
A Pakistani exchange student, in a coma since a November car accident, faces possible deportation next week as his visa expires and the Minnesota hospital caring for him seeks to send him home amid mounting, unpaid medical bills, claims the man’s family.Source: NBC News