Ethics Encyclopedia

These literature reviews showcase ethical challenges and policy issues. They are not meant to advocate for any position.

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Advance Care Planning
Advance Care Planning (ACP) is “a process that involves preparing for future medical decisions in the hypothetical event that individuals are no longer able to speak for themselves when those decisions need to be made” (Levi and Green 4). ACP includes contemplating one’s values and preferences and communicating those preferences to others. The ACP process often culminates in the creation of an...

Artificial Nutrition and Hydration
Artificial nutrition and hydration (ANH) is a medical treatment that supplements or replaces ordinary eating and drinking. ANH is used for individuals who for some reason cannot eat or drink enough to sustain life. Since ANH is defined as a medical treatment, competent adults may refuse...