Literature Review

Advance Care Planning

Advance Care Planning (ACP) is “a process that involves preparing for future medical decisions in the hypothetical event that individuals are no longer able to speak for themselves when those decisions need to be made” (Levi and Green 4). ACP includes contemplating one’s values and preferences and communicating those preferences to others. The ACP process often culminates in the creation of an advance directive, which...

Patient / Surrogate Decision-Making

The Patient Self-Determination Act was passed by the U.S. Congress in 1990. This law makes it clear that patients have the right to make decisions regarding their medical care. It also guarantees patients the right to designate a surrogate (another person) to make treatment decisions for them if they become unable to make their own decisions.

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