Artificial nutrition and hydration (ANH) is a medical treatment that supplements or replaces ordinary eating and drinking. ANH is used for individuals who for some reason cannot eat or drink enough to sustain life. Since ANH is defined as a medical treatment, competent adults may refuse...
The Patient Self-Determination Act was passed by the U.S. Congress in 1990. This law makes it clear that patients have the right to make decisions regarding their medical care. It also guarantees patients the right to designate a surrogate (another person) to make treatment decisions for them if they become unable to make their own decisions.
The Council on Ethical and Judicial Affairs (CEJA) recommends that all health care institutions, no matter the size, adopt a policy on medical futility.